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Remember to account for your horse's horsenality (whichever one shows up that day!) every time you play together.
Goal: Communicate new ideas while promoting trust and diminishing opposition reflex.
- Release comes after the slightest try
- Phases move in equal intervals, every 3 to 4 seconds - longer for introverts
Goal: Maintain safety and/or establish leadership
- Match horse's energy and then exceed by 4 ounces
- If it is necessary to repeat then double the correction each time for 4 times, then return to the 4 ounce rule
- Example: You've asked the horse to stand/ground tie. Horse moves forward 1 step, back him 2 steps (doubling the infraction). Horse moves forward 1 step again, back him 4 steps. Next time 8 steps, then 16 steps, then back to 2 steps.
Goal: Develop positive reflex without assumption of fear
- Long phase 1, then quickly to phase 4
Goal: Improve maneuver or task, especially in speed, distance, or accuracy
- Similarities between reinforcing and refining
- Improves quantity (i.e. number of steps), quality (i.e. distance), speed or precision
- Long phase 1, then quickly to phase 4 improves quantity, quality, and speed
- Precision requires long phases because the action required is very precise
- Precise timing of the release means zero criticism and zero micromanagement
Watch this fantastic video from 4-Star Senior Parelli Professional Ryan Rose on the Stages of Learning: Teach, Control, Reinforce, Refine!